Germany’s Ursula von der Leyen has been narrowly elected president of the EU Commission following a secret pollamong MEPs.
The centre-proper defence minister will change Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker on 1 November.
She secured the backing of larger than half of of the participants of the European parliament on Tuesday evening.
The Commission drafts EU authorized pointers, enforces EU principles and has the energy to impose fines on member states if valuable.
“The have confidence you placed in me is self perception you placed in Europe,” Mrs von der Leyen, who is the main lady to be elected president of the European Commission, said in a speech straight after the vote.
“Your self perception in a united and genuine Europe, from east to west, from south to north.”
“It is a gigantic duty and my work begins now,” she added. “Let us work together constructively.”
She used to be confirmed by a margin of 383 votes to 327. She wished the backing of 374 out of 747 MEPs to get.
A entire of 751 MEPs had been elected in May per chance well additionally simply, however four had been absent for Tuesday’s vote.
Born in Brussels, Mrs von der Leyen has seven young of us and trained as a gynaecologist sooner than entering politics.
The 60-yr-former defence minister has been criticised in Germany over the armed forces’ power equipment shortages and what some preserve in mind to be her aloof administration model.
She has promised to push for the EU to play a bigger role in social welfare, to kind out poverty, and has wired that she would come up for girls folks’s rights.
In a speech in the European parliament earlier on Tuesday, Mrs von der Leyen made some moderately about a essential pledges:
- She would push to give the European Parliament “the right form of initiative” – that scheme the Commission would deserve to legislate on MEPs’ resolutions; for the time being finest the Commission can draft authorized pointers
- On irregular migration to the EU, she said she would increase the EU’s border power Frontex to 10,000 workers by 2024, however said “we want to retain the right kind to asylum through humanitarian corridors”
- She equipped an EU “reinsurance procedure” to bolster national insurance coverage schemes for the unemployed.
Slim victory may well per chance well also reason complications
Diagnosis by Damian Grammaticas, Europe Correspondent, BBC Recordsdata
European leaders will likely be breathing a say of reduction.
It took days of fraught negotiations and a difficult compromise among EU worldwide locations to nominate Mrs von der Leyen, a German conservative and shut ally of Angela Merkel.
She scraped through with 383 votes, proper 9 bigger than the minimum. Which will leave her in a weakened jam, as it seems she used to be helped over the road by votes from Eurosceptic and proper-fly MEPs in Poland and Italy.
Greens, on the moderately about a hand, did no longer vote for her. They said her commitments on climate trade and saving the lives of refugees seeking to detrimental the Mediterranean had been too outdated. Socialists, too, had been angered that their most in model candidate used to be overpassed by EU leaders.
So what does all this division mean? For a birth, the European Commission Mrs von der Leyen will lead from November may well per chance well also get complications passing guidelines through the parliament.
What’s the reaction?
Figures from all over the bloc had been immediate to congratulate Mrs von der Leyen on her election victory.
“This job is a gigantic duty and a anxiety. I’m determined chances are you’ll per chance per chance assemble a huge president,” outgoing Commission head Jean-Claude Juncker wrote on Twitter.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel paid tribute to her outgoing defence minister, who she described as a “dedicated and convincing European”.
“Even supposing I lose a long-standing minister this present day, I get a novel accomplice in Brussels,” she said in a press launch. “I’m due to the this truth having a glance ahead to gorgeous co-operation.”
“About time we assemble a girl in that valuable jam,” Swedish Top Minister Stefan Lofven said in a tweet. “Time to continue work on the needed factors: jobs, climate trade, migration and security in Europe.”
Spanish Top Minister Pedro Sanchez equipped his congratulations and said: “Europe has to pass ahead. In this we now get set to work together, addressing the adjustments that the long-established mission wants.”
Donald Tusk, president of the European Council, tweeted a straightforward message:
Belgium’s chief – and incoming head of the European Council – Charles Michel said: “I get to congratulate [Mrs von der Leyen]. Let’s work together in the fervour of all Europeans.”